The City of Turin, located in the western part of the Po Plain, covers an area of approximately 130 km2, mostly flat, surrounded by the crown of the Alps and the hills is crossed by four rivers. The city’s population is 900,873 inhabitants, while the metropolitan area is 2.2 million inhabitants. Torino is the capital of the Piedmont Region, is the fourth Italian city by population and is the third complex economic production of Italy. Torino born in the third century BC; It has been the capital of the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 to 1865.
From the XX century the city has always been identified as the capital of the automobile industry, as well as important publishing center of the banking, insurance and telecommunications. In the last thirty years, is leading a major transformation process, from the economic point of view, urban and cultural. The Winter Olympics held in Turin in 2006, they left a legacy that is not only about material aspects, such as large sports and transport infrastructure and the recovery and redevelopment of the rich cultural and historical heritage, but also the equally important aspects as the visibility on the international scene of the city with a tourist and can accommodate major international events.
Torino path to become “Smart City” started 2 years ago, when the City Council took the decision to take part in the initiative of the European Commission “Covenant of Mayors” and – as one of the first Italian cities – engaged itself to elaborate an Action Plan for Energy in order to reduce its CO2 emissions more than 20% by 2020.
The Torino Action Plan for Energy (TAPE), that represents a fundamental step to present Torino as “Smart City”, has been approved in 2010 and its objective is to reduce CO2 of 40% by 2020 (baseline: 1991) and it is structured on 51 actions, concerning several sectors including transportation (public and private). Since the mid ‟90 the City of Torino worked on sustainable mobility, approving the Traffic Urban Plan and detailed scale plans (city centre mobility plan, cycle paths plan, road safety plan, etc).
In 2011, the City approved the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan. The objectives of the SUMP are: 1. Improving accessibility to the city; 2. Ensuring and improving accessibility for people; 3. Improving air quality; 4. Improving the quality of urban environment; 5. Increase the use of public transport; 6. Efficiency and safety of road system; 7. Innovative technologies for mobility management; 8. In 2013 the city approved the Biciplan, the document planning and development of cycling. Currently the offices of the mobility of the city are engaged in developing several EU funded project in the mobility and transport sector.